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Destiny 2: Shadowkeep made many drastic changes to the game's sandbox and loot system. The most notable change was the overhaul of armor, otherwise known as Armor 2.0. This system replaced the random-rolled perks on armor in exchange for swappable mods and random armor stats.

Related: Destiny 2: How To Reach 1330 Power Level Quickly

Intellect, Discipline, and Strength have returned to allow for more build diversity, yet there are so many moving systems that it can be rather obtuse for newer players to dive into. Fortunately, Armor 2.0 is much less intimidating than it appears. Mastering this system is key to completing Destiny 2's hardest content. Here is a complete guide to Destiny 2's Armor 2.0 system.

Updated August 25th, 2021 by Charles Burgar: Armor 2.0 has seen even more additions throughout Year 4. Season of the Lost added Stasis as an element that armor pieces can roll, complete with new Stasis mods. If you want to create the ultimate build for your Guardian, your options have just become much greater and arguably even more confusing. We've updated this guide to include the Stasis armor element, and we've clarified a few sections of the guide to make this system easier to digest.

How Armor Stats Work

Destiny 2 Armor Stats

There are six major armor stats that players need to manage: Mobility, Resilience, Recovery, Discipline, Intellect, and Strength. These stats determine everything from a character's strafe speed to the recharge rate of their skills.

Here's a detailed look at what each armor stat does:

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Stat Effect Notes
Mobility Increases your walk and strafe speed while also increasing the height of your first jump.
  • Hunters: Also reduces Dodge cooldown
  • Does not affect sprint speed
Resilience Increases the amount of health your shield has. Reduces Stasis breakout damage.
  • Titans: Also reduces Barricade cooldown
Recovery Speeds up health recovery while reducing your shield recharge delay.
  • Warlocks: Also reduces Rift cooldown.
Discipline Reduces your grenade cooldown.
  • N/A
Intellect Reduces your Super cooldown.
  • N/A
Strength Reduces your melee ability cooldown.
  • N/A

Darkness-based subclasses also have longer cooldowns than Light-based subclasses, meaning that the numbers for Discipline, Intellect, and Strength are different based on your subclass. Keep this in mind when maximizing your stats.

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Armor Stat Breakdown

Destiny 2 Recovery Stat Tier

If you're into numbers and min-maxing, you'll want to know how each stat behaves as you increase its value. Before we delve into specific numbers, it's important you understand how stat tiers work.

Stat Tiers

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Stat tiers refer to the value of your stat when divided by ten, rounded down. All stats in Destiny 2 can range from having a value of 0 to 100. Increasing a stat by ten points will increase its tier, granting stronger benefits.

For example, let's say that your Strength stat is 42. This is considered to be a tier four stat. If you increased the stat to 50, it becomes a tier five stat, reducing your melee cooldown by a few seconds. If you increase it yet again to 59, it would still be a tier five stat, as dividing it by ten would leave you with 5.9. Rounded down, you get five.

In essence, your tier is the first number on your stat. Try your best to not have leftover points in a given tier to maximize the effect of all of your stats.

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Stat Number Breakdown

Destiny 2 Season 15 Armor

All stats behave slightly differently when invested into. Mobility scales linearly with investment, Resilience gives slightly more benefit when invested into, Recovery becomes exponentially stronger as you invest, and the remaining three stats—Discipline, Intellect, and Strength—receive diminishing returns with high investment.

Related: Destiny 2: Every Weapon In Season Of The Lost

Below are the values that you can expect from each tier of a given stat. The first table is for Light subclasses. The second table is for Darkness subclasses. Only Discipline, Intellect, and Strength change between the Light and Dark subclasses.

Light Subclasses

Tier (Column)

Stat (Row)

T0

(0-9)

T1

(10-19)

T2

(20-29)

T3

(30-39)

T4

(40-49)

T5

(50-59)

T6

(60-69)

T7

(70-79)

T8

(80-89)

T9

(90-99)

T10

(100)
Mobility 0% 4% 8% 12% 16% 20% 24% 28% 32% 36% 40%
Resilience 0% 1% 2% 3% 4% 5% 6% 8% 10% 12% 13%
Recovery 0% 3% 6% 9% 11% 14% 17% 23% 29% 34% 43%
Discipline 1:43 1:33 1:25 1:22 1:08 0:59 0:51 0:45 0:41 0:37 0:32
Intellect 7:12 6:22 5:43 5:00 4:45 4:31 4:18 4:07 4:00 3:52 3:48
Strength 2:00 1:49 1:40 1:36 1:20 1:09 1:00 0:53 0:48 0:44 0:37

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Darkness Subclasses

Tier (Column)

Stat (Row)

T0

(0-9)

T1

(10-19)

T2

(20-29)

T3

(30-39)

T4

(40-49)

T5

(50-59)

T6

(60-69)

T7

(70-79)

T8

(80-89)

T9

(90-99)

T10

(100)
Mobility 0% 4% 8% 12% 16% 20% 24% 28% 32% 36% 40%
Resilience 0% 1% 2% 3% 4% 5% 6% 8% 10% 12% 13%
Recovery 0% 3% 6% 9% 11% 14% 17% 23% 29% 34% 43%
Discipline 2:25 2:14 2:05 1:57 1:50 1:33 1:20 1:11 1:04 0:58 0:53
Intellect 7:01 6:23 5:51 5:23 5:00 4:47 4:35 4:24 4:14 4:05 3:56
Strength 1:58 1:49 1:42 1:35 1:29 1:16 1:06 0:58 0:52 0:47 0:43

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Class Ability Cooldowns

While your subclass type doesn't impact your class ability cooldown, your class does. For example, the Hunter's Dodge ability recharges much faster than a Warlock's Rift. Cooldowns for each class-specific ability can be found below:

Tier (Column)

Class Ability (Row)

T0

(0-9)

T1

(11-19)

T2

(20-29)

T3

(30-39)

T4

(40-49)

T5

(50-59)

T6

(60-69)

T7

(70-79)

T8

(80-89)

T9

(90-99)

T10

(100)

Hunter Dodge

(Mobility)
0:34 0:32 0:30 0:29 0:29 0:24 0:22 0:19 0:16 0:14 0:11

Titan Barricade

(Resilience)
0:52 0:46 0:41 0:37 0:33 0:30 0:28 0:25 0:21 0:17 0:14

Warlock Rift

(Recovery)
1:57 1:43 1:31 1:22 1:15 1:08 1:03 0:59 0:51 0:46 0:41

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What Are Armor Mods?

Destiny 2 General Stat Armor Mods

In addition to armor stats, most armor pieces can equip armor mods that can grant a wide range of buffs. Every armor piece can equip a General mod, Slot-Specific mod, and a Combat Style mod. Raid items can also store raid-exclusive mods in a fifth mod slot.

Related: Destiny 2: The Best Hunter Builds For PvP And PvE

To equip an armor mod, head to your inventory and inspect an armor piece of your choosing. Hover your cursor over a mod slot to see which mods you can equip. Note that every mod has an energy cost that is denoted at the top of the screen beside your armor's elemental affinity. You can upgrade this energy total by using Legendary Shards and Masterwork materials. An armor piece cannot exceed ten energy.

General mods provide bonuses to your armor stats such as increased Mobility or Intellect. These mods come in two forms: +5 bonuses and +10 bonuses. The former cost around 1-2 armor energy while the latter cost 3-5 energy.

Slot-specific mods grant effects such as increased ammo on grabbing ammo bricks, faster ADS times on weapons, or taking reduced damage from certain foes.

Combat Style mods provide powerful, build-enabling effects through the use of three mechanics: Charged with Light, Warmind Cells, and Elemental Wells.

Finally, raid mods offer benefits that are only active during certain raids.

Here is what you can expect to find in the Slot-Specific mod slot:

  • Helmet: Weapon targeting and scavenger mods. Mods that grant Super energy for using abilities go here as well.
  • Gloves: Dexterity and reload speed mods. Fastball and ability energy perks go here as well.
  • Body Armor: Damage resistance, ammo reserves, and unflinching mods.
  • Boots: Ammo scavengers, weapon holsters, Orbs of Power mods, and the Traction mod.
  • Class Item: Finisher, class ability, and most Seasonal Artifact mods.

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Unlocking Mods

Destiny 2 Ada-1 in her new armor synthesis room

Players will not start Destiny 2 with every mod unlocked. The best way to unlock new mods is to obtain Legendary Engrams from vendors. Zavala is the best vendor for this, as increasing your Vanguard rank is fairly easy. Shaxx's Crucible Engrams are a good source as well. If you have a stockpile of Legendary Shards, Master Rahool's Legendary Engrams can also unlock armor mods.

Combat Style mods are tied to seasonal activities and are obtained by participating in that season's progression system and/or activity. Players that miss these seasonal mods can obtain them from Ada-1 in the Tower. She sells one random Combat Style mod each day for ten Mod Components.

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Elemental Affinities

Destiny 2 Armor Elements

Elemental affinities further influence the types of mods that can be used on an item. Each element is tied to a certain subset of mods curated by Bungie.

  • Solar: Grenade and health-related mods.
  • Arc: Melee mods.
  • Void: Class ability mods.
  • Stasis: Situational ability regeneration mods.

As for Combat Style mods, these elements behave a little differently:

  • Solar mods can stack with each other unless otherwise noted.
  • Arc mods have a secondary bonus that is activated if you have a second Arc mod installed on either that armor piece or in another item's Combat Style slot.
  • Void mods typically grant powerful effects for little energy at the cost of your stats.
  • Stasis mods grant powerful boons for a slightly higher energy cost.

Related: Destiny 2: Every Possible Way To Obtain Exotic Ciphers

Should you obtain an armor piece with an elemental affinity you are not happy with, you can change the item's affinity at any time by hovering over the item's elemental affinity icon and reforging it to a different element. This costs one Upgrade Module. Reforging an element while retaining your armor's rank will require Masterwork materials equal to what you previously invested. In other words, if you Masterworked an armor piece, you'll need an Ascendant Shard to reforge its element.

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Upgrading And Masterworking Armor

Destiny 2 Masterwork Guide

Upgrading armor is core to getting the most out of it. Every time you upgrade an armor piece, it will gain an additional energy point that can be used to slot additional mods into that piece. An armor piece cannot exceed ten energy, and unlocking the final three energy points on your armor will cost Enhancement Prisms and Ascendant Shards.

When a piece of armor is upgraded to its maximum of ten, it will become Masterworked. Masterworked items grant an additional +2 to every armor stat in addition to having ten energy to work with.

To find the materials needed to Masterwork your armor, you will need to obtain Enhancement Cores, Enhancement Prisms, and Ascendant Shards. Most of these materials can be obtained by completing Nightfall: The Ordeal missions located under the Vanguard section of the Director. The higher the difficulty, the rarer the Masterwork materials you'll receive. Banshee-44 and Ada-1 also sell Masterwork materials for an exorbitant price. It is not recommended to buy Masterwork materials from them unless you absolutely have to.

How To Obtain Masterwork Materials

Destiny 2 The Spider

For guides on how to obtain each Masterwork material, check out the links below:

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Artifact Mods

Destiny-2-Paradrome-Cube-Artifact

Shadowkeep also introduced players to Artifacts, a progression system that unlocks powerful mods that can compete with Exotics in terms of power. Only 12 Artifact mods can be unlocked at a time, and unlocking these mods comes from earning experience points. Keep in mind that once the season ends, those Artifact mods become defunct and won't function. They're worth using, however, granting strong benefits such as a weakening effect on Void grenades or increased melee ability damage. These can be obtained through a short quest introduced every season. Earn experience points by playing the game to unlock Artifact mods.

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Combat Style Mods

Destiny 2 Combat Style Mods

All Legendary armor pieces also have a Combat Style mod slot that can slot in unique and powerful effects. These mods must be obtained from seasonal activities and progression systems tied to that season.

As of Season of the Lost, all Combat Style mods revolve around three mechanics: Charged with Light, Warmind Cells, and Elemental Wells. We cover each of these mechanics in our Combat Style mod guide.

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How To Farm High-Stat Armor

Destiny 2 Prophecy Dungeon

Every armor piece is randomly rolled upon acquisition, but there are a few ways to bias armor to drop with high stats.

  • Decrypt Prime Engrams.
  • Obtain armor from raids or dungeons.
  • Focus Umbral Engrams with certain armor stat biases (can only do this three times per week).
  • Equip Armorer mods on your Ghost Shell.
  • Complete Iron Banner matches.
  • Complete Trials of Osiris matches.

For farming, your best options are the Prophecy dungeon and Iron Banner. Prophecy is the only dungeon in Destiny 2 that still drops rewards after you clear it for the first time that week, allowing you to clear the raid multiple times for high-stat armor. Iron Banner drops loads of armor with high stats, although this is a limited-time event that only happens three times per season.

While you're farming an activity, be sure to equip an Armorer mod on your Ghost. These mods will force all armor you obtain to drop with at least ten in a chosen stat, with a high chance of making that item's stat bias your chosen stat.

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Next: Destiny 2: Beyond Light Complete Guide And Walkthrough

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